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Business Finance Fundamentals For Everyone

117 minutes of course content

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Course Description

This course provides a 360 degree perspective on Business Finance to professionals who may not necessarily have a Finance background. Having a fundamental view of how financial statements of companies are created, how to analyze them to assess company performance and how to estimate the business valuation of a company can be very useful to business executives to tie up their team efforts to the overall business performance of the company.

In this course, we delve into 3 main aspects/modules of Business Finance:

  1. Financial Accounting
  2. Financial Performance Analysis
  3. Business Valuation

In the first module, we look at the key financial statements any business is required to prepare. We then go on to see how different types of business transactions are recorded in the accounting statements of any company. This a real fun module where you see the different financial statements are all integrated with one another in the practical world.

In the second module, we use a scorecard framework to analyze how to assess and evaluate the business performance of any company. We compare 4 different companies to define the best performing company among them. We break down company performance in two broad buckets - operating and financing. We then show you how to calculate some key metrics for both these parameters individually. Finally, we rank companies on each of the different metrics to find the winner.

Finally, in the 3rd module, we look at the different life-cycle stages of a company and how to value any company in each of these company stages. We look at 3 different business valuation approaches - negotiation approach, multiples approach and discounted cash flows based approach. To make it real, we add some numbers to each of the methodology to show you how you can do it yourself.

What are the requirements?

  • None. We teach everything from scratch.

After taking this course, you will be able to:

  • Participate pro-actively in Finance based meetings
  • Benchmark the performance of 2 companies
  • Strategic thinking in Business and Finance
  • Read between the lines the Financial Statements of any company
  • Link business decisions to company valuation
  • Develop a Business acumen

This course is for professionals within the following business functions:

  • Non-finance executives
  • Business Managers
  • Entrepreneurs
  • Founders
  • Sales Executives
  • Operations Executives
  • Finance Executives
  • CEOs
  • CFOs
  • Students

    1. Course overview - 5 Minutes

      1. Meet your instructor
      2. What will you learn in this course?
    2. Module 1: Financial Accounting Fundamentals - 37 Minutes

      1. What will we learn in this module?
      2. What is Accounting?
      3. Why do we need to do Accounting?
      4. Typical Income Statement
      5. Typical Balance Sheet
      6. Illustration for this module
      7. Transaction 1
      8. Transaction 2
      9. Transaction 3
      10. Transaction 4
      11. Transaction 5
      12. Transaction 6
      13. Transaction 7
      14. Transaction 8
      15. Transaction 9
      16. Transaction 10
      17. End of module 1: Quick recap
      18. Please provide us your feedback
    3. Module 2: Financial Performance Analysis - 40 Minutes

      1. What will we learn in this module?
      2. What is Financial Performance Analysis?
      3. How to measure company performance?
      4. What are the parameters to measure performance?
      5. Operating performance metric - Margins
      6. Operating performance metric - ROIC
      7. Operating performance metric - Turnover
      8. Operating performance metric - Growth
      9. Financing performance metric - Leverage
      10. Financing performance metric - Leverage
      11. Financing performance metric - Liquidity
      12. Financing performance metric - Liquidity
      13. Quick recap of the module thus far
      14. Illustration for this module
      15. What is an Annual Report?
      16. Financial statements for Alpha
      17. Calculating profitability margins for Alpha
      18. Calculating ROIC for Alpha
      19. Calculating turnover ratio for Alpha
      20. Calculating growth metric for Alpha
      21. Calculating leverage ratio #1 for Alpha
      22. Calculating leverage ratio #2 for Alpha
      23. Calculating current ratio for Alpha
      24. Calculating coverage ratio for Alpha
      25. Quick recap of the calculation of metrics
      26. Calculating operating metrics for all companies
      27. Calculating financing metrics for all companies
      28. Calculating ranking criteria for companies
      29. Ranking profitability margins across companies
      30. Ranking ROIC metric across companies
      31. Ranking of turnover metric across companies
      32. Ranking of growth metric across companies
      33. Ranking of leverage metric across companies
      34. Ranking of leverage metric #2 across companies
      35. Ranking of current ratio across companies
      36. Ranking of coverage ratio across companies
      37. Choosing the best performing company
      38. End of module 2: Quick recap
      39. Please provide us your feedback on the course thus far
    4. Module 3: Business Valuation Fundamentals - 35 Minutes

      1. What will we learn in this module?
      2. What is valuation?
      3. Valuation approach depends on the life-stage of the company
      4. Early stage company valuation
      5. Illustration: Early stage company valuation
      6. Illustration: Early stage company valuation (contd.)
      7. Growth stage company valuation approach
      8. What is a Sales valuation multiple?
      9. Illustration: Growth stage company valuation
      10. Illustration: Growth stage company valuation (contd.)
      11. Mature stage company valuation approach
      12. What is Earnings valuation multiple?
      13. Illustration: Mature stage company valuation
      14. Illustration: Mature stage company valuation (contd.)
      15. Discounted Cash Flows approach to valuation
      16. Illustration: Discounted cash flows valuation approach
      17. Understanding Free Cash Flows to Firm
      18. Free Cash Flows (FCF) are calculated for future
      19. Timing mismatch in FCF
      20. Finding the Present Value of FCF
      21. Discounting future cash flows to present value
      22. Generalization formula for discounting future cash flows
      23. Discounting the future cash flows in our illustration
      24. Quick recap of the DCF approach to valuation
      25. Quick recap of negotiation based valuation approach
      26. Quick recap of Sales multiples based valuation approach
      27. Quick recap of Earnings multiples based valuation approach
      28. Quick recap of DCF valuation approach
      29. End of module 3: Quick recap
      30. Please provide us your feedback

    About the Expert

    Ashish Agarwal

    Ashish Agarwal

    Ashish is a Business and Finance Expert with around 10 years of experience in this domain. He is currently a full-time instructor teaching Business, Finance and Data Analysis courses. Previously, he has worked with BlackRock, the world’s largest asset management company, as a Vice President in the Financial Markets Advisory (FMA) team. Prior to that, he worked with the Strategy and Corporate Finance practice at McKinsey, the world’s most prestigious consulting company. He has advised clients globally on various Strategy and Finance engagements. Ashish also conducts corporate training in Finance in a leading consulting firm. He is passionate about teaching and strongly believes education should be accessible and affordable to all.
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