From The Economist
Is the on-demand economy replacing traditional jobs? Uber drivers are “independent contractors” who must pay their own payroll taxes, buy their own health insurance and save for their own pensions. Some drivers think this is wrong (and have taken their battle to the courts). In December 2015 two economists, Seth Harris and Alan Krueger (who has consulted for Uber in the past), penned a plan for a third category of worker, somewhere between a contractor and an employee, designed for the on-demand economy. The “independent worker” would get some benefits, like contributions towards health-care costs and payroll taxes, but would not be entitled to the minimum wage or unemployment insurance. Messrs Harris and Krueger say that equalising benefits makes it easier to compare earnings between jobs and apps, and that firms can use their bargaining clout to obtain health insurance more cheaply than individuals can.
Making Disruptive Leadership Work from Anat Lechner PhD.